First evidence in Italian mainland of Pantelleria obsidian: Highlights from WD-XRF and SEM-EDS characterization of Neolithic artefacts from Galliano necropolis (Taranto, Southern Italy)

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  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      a Soprintendenza Archeologia, Belle Arti e Paesaggio per le Province di Barletta – Andria – Trani e Foggia, Italy
      b Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra e Geoambientali – Università degli Studi di Bari ‘Aldo Moro’, via E. Orabona 4, 70125 Bari, Italy
      c Centro Interdipartimentale “Laboratorio di Ricerca per la Diagnostica dei Beni Culturali”, Campus Universitario, via, E. Orabona 4, 70125 Bari, Italy
    • Keywords:
      Obsidian provenance
      Late Neolithic Galliano necropolis
      Southern Italy
      WD-XRF
      SEM-EDS
      Non-destructive analyses
      Pantelleria
    • Abstract:
      In the Late Neolithic necropolis of Galliano (Taranto, Southern Italy) 52 samples of obsidian artefacts were found. Their characterization by absolutely non-destructive techniques like WD-XRF and SEM-EDS, for almost all of the samples, recognized the Lipari source for the raw material. Two samples show a different origin area: one from Palmarola, the southernmost signalling in Puglia for this source, and one from Pantelleria (sub-source of Salto la Vecchia and Balata dei Turchi) as first signalling on the continental Italy. Both source area, Palmarola and Pantelleria, have also been safely ascertained through quantitative compositional analyses of the microphenocrysts (pyroxenes and feldspars) present in the glass of 27 and 42 obsidian samples. In particular, the discovery of obsidian from Pantelleria in the Late Neolithic necropolis of Galliano, which can be traced back to the first centuries of the second half of the fifth millennium BC, significantly expanded its distribution area towards the east and the north, in a chronologically well-defined context.
    • ISSN:
      2352-409X
    • Accession Number:
      10.1016/j.jasrep.2022.103553
    • Accession Number:
      S2352409X22002164
    • Copyright:
      © 2022 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      MUNTONI, I. M. et al. First evidence in Italian mainland of Pantelleria obsidian: Highlights from WD-XRF and SEM-EDS characterization of Neolithic artefacts from Galliano necropolis (Taranto, Southern Italy). Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, [s. l.], v. 45, 2022. DOI 10.1016/j.jasrep.2022.103553. Disponível em: https://ezproxy.mscc.edu/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edselp&AN=S2352409X22002164. Acesso em: 30 jan. 2023.
    • AMA 11th Edition:
      Muntoni IM, Micheletti F, Mongelli N, Pallara M, Acquafredda P. First evidence in Italian mainland of Pantelleria obsidian: Highlights from WD-XRF and SEM-EDS characterization of Neolithic artefacts from Galliano necropolis (Taranto, Southern Italy). Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports. 2022;45. doi:10.1016/j.jasrep.2022.103553
    • APA 7th Edition:
      Muntoni, I. M., Micheletti, F., Mongelli, N., Pallara, M., & Acquafredda, P. (2022). First evidence in Italian mainland of Pantelleria obsidian: Highlights from WD-XRF and SEM-EDS characterization of Neolithic artefacts from Galliano necropolis (Taranto, Southern Italy). Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, 45. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jasrep.2022.103553
    • Chicago 17th Edition:
      Muntoni, Italo M., Francesca Micheletti, Nicola Mongelli, Mauro Pallara, and Pasquale Acquafredda. 2022. “First Evidence in Italian Mainland of Pantelleria Obsidian: Highlights from WD-XRF and SEM-EDS Characterization of Neolithic Artefacts from Galliano Necropolis (Taranto, Southern Italy).” Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 45 (October). doi:10.1016/j.jasrep.2022.103553.
    • Harvard:
      Muntoni, I.M. et al. (2022) ‘First evidence in Italian mainland of Pantelleria obsidian: Highlights from WD-XRF and SEM-EDS characterization of Neolithic artefacts from Galliano necropolis (Taranto, Southern Italy)’, Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, 45. doi:10.1016/j.jasrep.2022.103553.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Muntoni, IM, Micheletti, F, Mongelli, N, Pallara, M & Acquafredda, P 2022, ‘First evidence in Italian mainland of Pantelleria obsidian: Highlights from WD-XRF and SEM-EDS characterization of Neolithic artefacts from Galliano necropolis (Taranto, Southern Italy)’, Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, vol. 45, viewed 30 January 2023, .
    • MLA 9th Edition:
      Muntoni, Italo M., et al. “First Evidence in Italian Mainland of Pantelleria Obsidian: Highlights from WD-XRF and SEM-EDS Characterization of Neolithic Artefacts from Galliano Necropolis (Taranto, Southern Italy).” Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, vol. 45, Oct. 2022. EBSCOhost, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jasrep.2022.103553.
    • Chicago 17th Edition:
      Muntoni, Italo M., Francesca Micheletti, Nicola Mongelli, Mauro Pallara, and Pasquale Acquafredda. “First Evidence in Italian Mainland of Pantelleria Obsidian: Highlights from WD-XRF and SEM-EDS Characterization of Neolithic Artefacts from Galliano Necropolis (Taranto, Southern Italy).” Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 45 (October 1, 2022). doi:10.1016/j.jasrep.2022.103553.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Muntoni IM, Micheletti F, Mongelli N, Pallara M, Acquafredda P. First evidence in Italian mainland of Pantelleria obsidian: Highlights from WD-XRF and SEM-EDS characterization of Neolithic artefacts from Galliano necropolis (Taranto, Southern Italy). Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports [Internet]. 2022 Oct 1 [cited 2023 Jan 30];45. Available from: https://ezproxy.mscc.edu/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edselp&AN=S2352409X22002164