Item request has been placed! ×
Item request cannot be made. ×
loading   Processing Request
  • Additional Information
    • Year:
    • Subjects:
      Fine Arts
      Mass Media
      Modern History
      Political Science
      Gun violence
      School Shootings
      US Shootings
      American Flags
      Desecration of Flags
      Protest Art
      Punk Art
      Antifascist, Mass shootings
      Flag Art
      Artist Book
    • Abstract:
      Anthem serves to share both analytical data and emotional connections to the viewer on the subject of school shootings in the US. Black and white flag pieces made by altering US flags are flown above grave shaped mounds that take up the room. Those flags are meant to communicate the messages a black and white flag each can represent in battle, this battle being in the fight to cull the epidemic of school shootings en mass in the USA. Each flag sits in front of a chronologically ordered wall mounted book comprised of 300 toe tags, each with the date, location and number of victims of a school shooting in the US. This information is meant to show any viewer how widespread and historic these events are, whole also showing how close to home they are. Anthem seeks to disseminate information and pull emotion, but the work is not designed to fix the issue directly but create dialogue with viewers to look for solutions to the issue inside and outside the gallery. Each flag can, should and will be utilized outside white wall spaces to protest and be performative so that non-art viewers can share in the discussion and work towards new strategies in taking on gun violence in the US system of current violent behavior.
    • University:
      Kent State University
    • Accession Number:
    • :
      This thesis or dissertation is protected by copyright: all rights reserved. It may not be copied or redistributed beyond the terms of applicable copyright laws.
    • :
      OpenDissertations was funded in part by a grant from The H.W. Wilson Foundation, Inc. in cooperation with EBSCO Information Services and the Congregational Library and Archives.
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      CLIFFORD, Z. L. Anthem. 2019. [s. l.], 2019. Disponível em: Acesso em: 29 mar. 2023.
    • AMA 11th Edition:
      Clifford ZL. Anthem. 2019. Accessed March 29, 2023.
    • APA 7th Edition:
      Clifford, Z. L. (2019). Anthem.
    • Chicago 17th Edition:
      Clifford, Zachary Lee. 2019. “Anthem.”
    • Harvard:
      Clifford, Z.L. (2019) Anthem. Available at: (Accessed: 29 March 2023).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Clifford, ZL 2019, ‘Anthem’, viewed 29 March 2023, .
    • MLA 9th Edition:
      Clifford, Zachary Lee. Anthem. 2019. EBSCOhost,
    • Chicago 17th Edition:
      Clifford, Zachary Lee. “Anthem,” 2019.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Clifford ZL. Anthem [Internet]. 2019 [cited 2023 Mar 29]. Available from: