Psychometric properties of a French version of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy.

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  • Additional Information
    • Source:
      Publisher: IJME] Country of Publication: England NLM ID: 101603754 Publication Model: Electronic Cited Medium: Internet ISSN: 2042-6372 (Electronic) Linking ISSN: 20426372 NLM ISO Abbreviation: Int J Med Educ Subsets: MEDLINE
    • Publication Information:
      Original Publication: [United Kingdom : IJME]
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Objective: To assess the reliability and construct validity of a French version of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy-Students.
      Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed among undergraduate medical students in Tunisia. A total of 833 students completed a French version of the JSE-S using convenience sampling. To identify the internal consistency aspect of the reliability, Cronbach's alpha coefficient was computed. Moreover, to assess the construct validity, the sample was randomly divided into two groups. Data from the first group (n=415) were subjected to exploratory factor analysis (EFA), with principal axing factoring (PAF) and oblimin rotation, to re-examine the underlying factor structure of the scale. Data from the second group (n=419) were used for confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) to confirm its latent variable structure. Some goodness-of-fit indices were used to assess the hypothesized model. Gender groups were compared using a t-test to check the known-group validity.
      Results: Reliability analysis reported an acceptable level of internal consistency, with an overall Cronbach's alpha of 0.78 (95% CI [0.75,0.80]). EFA identified a two-factor structure, accounting for 27.4% of the total variance. The two-factor model produced good fit indices when item correlated errors were considered (χ 2 /df = 1.95, GFI = 0.92, CFI = 0.90, PCFI = 0.79, PGFI = 0.73 and RMSEA = 0.04). Female students had a statistically significant higher empathy scores than male students (t (830) = - 4.16, p < .001).
      Conclusions: The findings support the construct validity and reliability of a French version of the JSE for medical students. This instrument appears to be useful for investigating empathy among French-speaking populations.
    • Contributed Indexing:
      Keywords: confirmatory factor analysis (cfa); exploratory factor analysis (efa); jefferson scale of empathy; medical student; reliability
    • Publication Date:
      Date Created: 20220803 Date Completed: 20220804 Latest Revision: 20220804
    • Publication Date:
      20220902
    • Accession Number:
      10.5116/ijme.62d2.8497
    • Accession Number:
      35920177
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      GHARDALLOU, M. et al. Psychometric properties of a French version of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy. International journal of medical education, [s. l.], v. 13, p. 205–214, 2022. DOI 10.5116/ijme.62d2.8497. Disponível em: https://ezproxy.mscc.edu/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=cmedm&AN=35920177. Acesso em: 3 out. 2022.
    • AMA 11th Edition:
      Ghardallou M, Zedini C, Sahli J, Ajmi T, Khairi H, Mtiraoui A. Psychometric properties of a French version of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy. International journal of medical education. 2022;13:205-214. doi:10.5116/ijme.62d2.8497
    • APA 7th Edition:
      Ghardallou, M., Zedini, C., Sahli, J., Ajmi, T., Khairi, H., & Mtiraoui, A. (2022). Psychometric properties of a French version of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy. International Journal of Medical Education, 13, 205–214. https://doi.org/10.5116/ijme.62d2.8497
    • Chicago 17th Edition:
      Ghardallou, Mariem, Chekib Zedini, Jihene Sahli, Thouraya Ajmi, Hedi Khairi, and Ali Mtiraoui. 2022. “Psychometric Properties of a French Version of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy.” International Journal of Medical Education 13 (July): 205–14. doi:10.5116/ijme.62d2.8497.
    • Harvard:
      Ghardallou, M. et al. (2022) ‘Psychometric properties of a French version of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy’, International journal of medical education, 13, pp. 205–214. doi:10.5116/ijme.62d2.8497.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Ghardallou, M, Zedini, C, Sahli, J, Ajmi, T, Khairi, H & Mtiraoui, A 2022, ‘Psychometric properties of a French version of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy’, International journal of medical education, vol. 13, pp. 205–214, viewed 3 October 2022, .
    • MLA 9th Edition:
      Ghardallou, Mariem, et al. “Psychometric Properties of a French Version of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy.” International Journal of Medical Education, vol. 13, July 2022, pp. 205–14. EBSCOhost, https://doi.org/10.5116/ijme.62d2.8497.
    • Chicago 17th Edition:
      Ghardallou, Mariem, Chekib Zedini, Jihene Sahli, Thouraya Ajmi, Hedi Khairi, and Ali Mtiraoui. “Psychometric Properties of a French Version of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy.” International Journal of Medical Education 13 (July 29, 2022): 205–14. doi:10.5116/ijme.62d2.8497.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Ghardallou M, Zedini C, Sahli J, Ajmi T, Khairi H, Mtiraoui A. Psychometric properties of a French version of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy. International journal of medical education [Internet]. 2022 Jul 29 [cited 2022 Oct 3];13:205–14. Available from: https://ezproxy.mscc.edu/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=cmedm&AN=35920177