The association between sleep and empathy in young preschoolers: A population study.

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    • Source:
      Publisher: Published on behalf of the European Sleep Research Society by Blackwell Scientific Publications Country of Publication: England NLM ID: 9214441 Publication Model: Print-Electronic Cited Medium: Internet ISSN: 1365-2869 (Electronic) Linking ISSN: 09621105 NLM ISO Abbreviation: J Sleep Res Subsets: MEDLINE
    • Publication Information:
      Original Publication: Oxford ; Boston : Published on behalf of the European Sleep Research Society by Blackwell Scientific Publications, c1992-
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Sleep is vital for children's early socio-emotional development, particularly empathy. This study aimed to explore the associations between sleep and empathy in young preschoolers. A sample of 23,259 preschoolers (4.3 ± 0.3 years) at the entry year of preschool was recruited as part of the Shanghai Children's Health, Education and Lifestyle Evaluation-Preschool (SCHEDULE-P) study. Caregivers reported on child sleep, affective empathy, and cognitive empathy through the Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire and the Griffith Empathy Measure. Ordinary least-square regression and quantile regression were performed for the associations between sleep and empathy. Sex differences were also investigated. Night sleep duration was negatively associated with affective empathy (β = -0.35, p < 0.001), and positively associated with cognitive empathy (β = 0.41, p < 0.001). Longer nap duration was associated with higher affective empathy (β = 0.28, p < 0.001). Sleep disturbances were positively associated with affective empathy (β = 0.04, p < 0.001) and negatively associated with cognitive empathy (β = -0.09, p < 0.001). These associations were generally stronger in children at higher empathy quantiles and also those at the 10 th cognitive empathy quantile. The associations between sleep and affective empathy were mainly contributed by girls, and were more common in boys in terms of cognitive empathy, particularly at the 10 th and the 30 th quantiles. In conclusion, longer night sleep duration and fewer sleep disturbances are associated with a more mature empathy pattern in young preschoolers. The associations are more prominent in children at the higher end of the empathy spectrum, and vary by sex. These findings highlight the importance to promote sleep health in young children for optimal socio-emotional development.
      (© 2021 European Sleep Research Society.)
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    • Contributed Indexing:
      Keywords: empathy*; preschooler*; quantile regression*; sex difference*; sleep*
    • Publication Date:
      Date Created: 20211214 Date Completed: 20220729 Latest Revision: 20220816
    • Publication Date:
      20220908
    • Accession Number:
      10.1111/jsr.13530
    • Accession Number:
      34904310
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      RONG, T. et al. The association between sleep and empathy in young preschoolers: A population study. Journal of sleep research, [s. l.], v. 31, n. 4, p. e13530, 2022. DOI 10.1111/jsr.13530. Disponível em: https://ezproxy.mscc.edu/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=cmedm&AN=34904310. Acesso em: 3 out. 2022.
    • AMA 11th Edition:
      Rong T, Sun X, Zhang Z, et al. The association between sleep and empathy in young preschoolers: A population study. Journal of sleep research. 2022;31(4):e13530. doi:10.1111/jsr.13530
    • APA 7th Edition:
      Rong, T., Sun, X., Zhang, Z., Li, W., Deng, Y., Wang, Z., Meng, M., Zhu, Q., Jiang, Y., Zhao, J., Zhang, Y., Wang, G., & Jiang, F. (2022). The association between sleep and empathy in young preschoolers: A population study. Journal of Sleep Research, 31(4), e13530. https://doi.org/10.1111/jsr.13530
    • Chicago 17th Edition:
      Rong, Tingyu, Xiaoning Sun, Zichen Zhang, Wen Li, Yujiao Deng, Zijing Wang, Min Meng, et al. 2022. “The Association between Sleep and Empathy in Young Preschoolers: A Population Study.” Journal of Sleep Research 31 (4): e13530. doi:10.1111/jsr.13530.
    • Harvard:
      Rong, T. et al. (2022) ‘The association between sleep and empathy in young preschoolers: A population study’, Journal of sleep research, 31(4), p. e13530. doi:10.1111/jsr.13530.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Rong, T, Sun, X, Zhang, Z, Li, W, Deng, Y, Wang, Z, Meng, M, Zhu, Q, Jiang, Y, Zhao, J, Zhang, Y, Wang, G & Jiang, F 2022, ‘The association between sleep and empathy in young preschoolers: A population study’, Journal of sleep research, vol. 31, no. 4, p. e13530, viewed 3 October 2022, .
    • MLA 9th Edition:
      Rong, Tingyu, et al. “The Association between Sleep and Empathy in Young Preschoolers: A Population Study.” Journal of Sleep Research, vol. 31, no. 4, Aug. 2022, p. e13530. EBSCOhost, https://doi.org/10.1111/jsr.13530.
    • Chicago 17th Edition:
      Rong, Tingyu, Xiaoning Sun, Zichen Zhang, Wen Li, Yujiao Deng, Zijing Wang, Min Meng, et al. “The Association between Sleep and Empathy in Young Preschoolers: A Population Study.” Journal of Sleep Research 31, no. 4 (August 2022): e13530. doi:10.1111/jsr.13530.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Rong T, Sun X, Zhang Z, Li W, Deng Y, Wang Z, et al. The association between sleep and empathy in young preschoolers: A population study. Journal of sleep research [Internet]. 2022 Aug [cited 2022 Oct 3];31(4):e13530. Available from: https://ezproxy.mscc.edu/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=cmedm&AN=34904310